Timothy Hood


On February 8, 1946, U.S. Marines Veteran Timothy Hood, a 23- year-old, honorably discharged veteran, was killed because he removed a Jim Crow sign from a crowded public bus in Bessemer, Alabama.

Hood reportedly moved the Jim Crow sign shortly after boarding the streetcar because of congestion in the back of the bus. When the streetcar conductor, William R. Weeks, ordered him to replace the sign, Hood allegedly refused and a fight broke out between the two. Weeks fired his gun and shot Hood, who nevertheless managed to get off of the bus and find cover.

Immediately thereafter, Hood was arrested by Police Chief G.B. Fant of Brighton.  Following his arrest Hood, already injured, was placed in the back of the police car, where Fant shot him again, this time in the head, killing him.

Reports indicate that Officer Fant responded to the sound of gunshots immediately after the bus driver shot Hood.  Fant was at home at the time.  He later claimed he shot Hood in his vehicle because he thought he was reaching for a weapon.

Legal Status

Jefferson County Coroner T.J. McCollum ruled the shooting a “justifiable homicide.”