The Civil Rights and Restorative Justice Project (CRRJ) conducts research and supports policy initiatives on anti-civil rights violence in the United States and other miscarriages of justice of that period. CRRJ serves as a resource for scholars, policymakers, and organizers involved in various initiatives seeking justice for crimes of the civil rights era.
As a result of CRRJ’s efforts and a team of pro bono lawyers, a state judge in South Carolina vacated the conviction of George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy who was sent to the electric chair in the small, segregated mill town of Alcolu, South Carolina. Stinney, the youngest person ever executed in America, was convicted in 1944 by an all-white jury of the first-degree murder of two young white girls.
As covered in the Boston Globe and the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, CRRJ’s latest report, “Servicemen Slain on Streetcars by Motormen with Guns,” tells the stories of Madison Harris and Walter Lee Johnson. The two WWII veterans survived the war, but not the public transportation system in post-war Atlanta, Georgia. Both men were killed by motormen carrying guns under the police powers given to conductors and motormen of the segregated public transportation of the American South. This report explores both the personal stories and the legal narratives that underlie these injustices, focusing on the role of motormen with police powers as part of the Jim Crow framework. This timely report comes as the streetcar system returns to Atlanta, almost sixty years after the deaths of Madison Harris and Walter Lee Johnson.
MOBILE, Alabama -- A number of grisly racially-motivated killings that occurred in Alabama during the Jim Crow era are getting a fresh look. The Civil Rights & Restorative Justice Project, a group ...